Last Updated on 31 January 2022 by Ray Plumlee
Wrinkles are nothing but creases, folds, and ridges produced on the skin as we get older. Wrinkles are a natural phenomenon that happens as we enter our late ages. These creases on the skin first start appearing on the areas that naturally fold when we laugh, smile, frown, and such other facial expressions. The reason is that the skin gets thinner and less elastic with time. Wrinkles may be the result of excessive sun exposure, especially on the face, neck, hands, and arms.
Wrinkles appear on every individual, but people don’t like to embrace this natural process. That’s the reason that people try to get anti-aging treatments. It is estimated that the anti-aging market in the United States creates 50 million dollars every year.
Let’s have a detailed look at what causes the wrinkles and how we can minimize their growth.
What Causes Wrinkles?
Wrinkles can be of different types produced at a different rate on all human beings. It is because every person has variations in the structural and functional capacities of the skin. In Asian and black people, due to thick compact dermis, facial wrinkles tend to appear very late as this compact dermis are protective of wrinkles.
Factors that facilitate wrinkles formation are as follows:
• sun exposure
• some medications
• environmental and genetic factors
The skin has a protective layer of elastic fibers, collagen, and connective tissue that support the skin. Excessive sun exposure causes this layer to break down. The skin then becomes thinner and weaker and easy to sag and wrinkled up.
Moreover, smoking lessens the blood supply to the skin and alcohol dehydrates the skin; both of which an equal contributor to the development of wrinkles.
How Can We Minimize the Wrinkles?
The following ways can help minimize the development of wrinkles.
1. Minimum Sun Exposure:
Sun damage is the leading cause of premature aging and wrinkles. The use of sunscreen when going out in the sun can slow down the aging process. The damaging effect of the UV rays from the sun can be avoided by using a sunscreen of SPF between 30 to 50 every day, even when it is cloudy. Remember that sun rays can easily pass through the clouds.
Also, you can wear a hat or use an umbrella. Always wear sunglasses and wear light-colored clothes to reflect the sun’s rays.
2. Laser Skin Resurfacing:
Laser skin resurfacing is a technique to minimize the wrinkles caused by sun damage or acne. The process involves directing a pulsating beam of light on the surface of the irregular skin. Ablative laser skin resurfacing is a process that accurately peels the layers of skin and allows them to form new collagen fibers. Non-ablative skin resurfacing also has the same process but requires less time.
Fractional laser technology projects laser light in a grid manner that allows quick healing as it keeps the normal skin to remain intact.
3. Tretinoin Cream:
Tretinoin cream is a brand name for vitamin A retinoic acid. This medication is primarily used against acne and sun-damage, but it can’t focus the deep wrinkles. However, it helps to overcome the bad appearance of the surface wrinkles, fine lines, and dark spots.
Tretinoin cream starts working as soon as you use them, but it may take several months before you recognize any noticeable improvement on your skin.
4. Chemical Peels:
A chemical peel is a chemical solution that is applied to the target area. After that, the dead skin gets removed and shed off. A new skin that regenerates has a smoother texture than the old one. These chemical peels are easily available even without a medical license. But it is better if you consult a healthcare provider before using it.
Facelift or rhytidectomy is kind of a surgical procedure that makes a person younger and youthful. The process aims to remove some facial skin and fat underlying the skin and can tighten the muscular and connective tissues. A study conducted in Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery gives a clue that elements comprising the facelift procedure should keep the skin young for about 5 and a half years, but this effect cannot keep this long around the neck.
But keep in mind that the healing process takes a long time and bruising and swelling are common in this surgery that lasts for a few weeks.
Fillers are composed of collagen, hyaluronic acid, or fat. The fillers are injected inside the deeper face wrinkles that cause them to fall off and become smooth. The filler increases the volume of the skin. The swelling and bruising appear for some days. Just like Botox treatment, these also need to be injected from time to time. How lasting and appreciable the results of fillers are, it only depends on the place of wrinkles and their depth.
These are some of the best ways to minimize the wrinkles on your skin. Moreover, if you stay hydrated, use sun protection, keep a balanced diet, wash your face twice daily, and moisturize your skin, you can kick off that early wrinkle process.
I am chief medical resident doctor in Internal Medicine at a tertiary care hospital. I am also an author and editor at StatPearls publishing, a medical website with thousands of PubMed indexed articles and MCQs.