So, what, exactly, are the benefits of the paleo diet? Firstly, I have found it much easier to maintain a healthy weight or even lose unwanted pounds. This is because I avoid carbohydrates. Limiting my intake of carbs leads to a corresponding lowering of body fat, as well as more efficient use of the insulin my body produces. Fewer carbs mean less insulin produced. And lowering my carb intake leads to a lower chance of my developing type 2 diabetes.